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Menopause - Overview

Menopause, by definition, is the final menstrual period. It is a universal and irreversible part of the overall aging process, as it involves a woman's reproductive system. The time before menopause is called the menopausal transition, or perimenopause. This period is also termed as climacteric. The menopausal transition or perimenopause typically starts a year before menopause. As a woman goes through the transition to menopause, her ovaries are less likely to release eggs.

Typically, menopause occurs between ages 45 and 55. Menopause is diagnosed after 12 months of stoppage of menses (amenorrhea). Hormonal changes and clinical symptoms occur over a period of time till actual menopause and continue after menopause for variable durations. During perimenopause, women's ovaries start to produce less of the hormones oestrogens and progesterone.

Menopause is not a disease, and it can be considered as a positive emotional and physical transition. Technically, menopause occurs with the final menstrual period and involves only one day. The hot flushes, mood swings and other symptoms associated with menopause occur during perimenopause, the transitional years before and continue after the actual menopause. By the time a woman stops menstruating, many of the symptoms associated with menopause have been experienced for several years.

Women after menopause are at a greater risk of heart disease and osteoporosis. It usually takes about 6 to 12 months or longer for no menstrual bleeding (amenorrhea) before a woman can be certain that she has experienced menopause. Menopause usually occurs naturally, but can be induced by certain types of surgery (e.g. a hysterectomy called surgical menopause), chemotherapy and pelvic radiation therapy. Symptoms associated with menopause can be reduced by diet and lifestyle changes. Hot flushes are the most common symptom associated with menopause. One must make sure to take adequate amount of calcium in their diet and do regular exercise.

Causes: Menopause happens when the ovaries no longer release an egg every month and menstruation stops. It is considered a normal part of aging when it happens after the age of 40. However, in few cases, early menopause occurs due to several causes. To know about it Read more.

Symptoms: Women may experience wide range of physical and emotional symptoms in advance of the menopause such as irregular periods, hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleep disturbances, and mood swings. To know more about the symptoms, Read more.

Diagnosis: While menopause can easily be identified on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms, to confirm the diagnosis, blood tests may be suggested to check the hormone levels. To know more on diagnosis, Read more.

Treatment approach at Dr Batra’s™:

Step 1: First Consultation – At your first consultation, our doctors will spend 30-45 minutes with you. This is important for us to understand you better, know the cause of menopause (especially if it occurs before the normal age for menopause) and suggest a customized treatment that will provide relief in menopausal symptoms.

Step 2: Medical Diagnosis – While menopause can easily be identified on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms, to confirm the diagnosis, certain tests including blood tests may be suggested by our doctors to check your hormone levels.

Step 3: Personalized Treatment - Natural homeopathic medicines are suggested based on the diagnosis made to provide you relief from the symptoms of menopause.

Step 4: Advice on nutrition – Our doctors consult you on right nutrition, which can actually ease some of the menopausal symptoms and help us achieve better and long-lasting treatment results. Read more.

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