Alopecia Areata is a common cause of hair loss that can occur at any age. This condition causes small and round patches of baldness on the scalp. It is an auto-immune disorder where the immune system attacks the hair follicles leading to damage and hair loss on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, limbs, face and other parts of the body as well. In some cases, hair loss occurs on the whole scalp and it is known as alopecia totalis. In rare cases, hair falls out from the entire body and scalp and it is known as alopecia universalis.
According to experts, alopecia patches often go unnoticed during the early stages and affect both men and women. Also, it has been observed that most patients develop alopecia areata before the age of 40.
Alopecia Areata Types
There are three types of Alopecia Areata where hair loss occurs in three different patterns.
Alopecia Areata (Patchy Hair Loss)
Alopecia Areata, also known as Patchy Hair Loss, is the most common variation of the auto-immune disease. In this case patches are oval-shaped, smooth and flesh coloured forming bald spots of different sizes.
Alopecia Areata Totalis
Alopecia totalis involves the total loss of hair on the entire scalp leading to complete baldness. The condition starts with small patches of hair loss on the scalp and over time spreads until the entire head is bald. This type can begin suddenly and without warning.
Alopecia Areata Universalis
Alopecia Areata Universalis is the rarest form of alopecia areata where hair loss occurs over the entire scalp and body. This severe condition affects eyebrows, eyelashes, chest hair, armpit hair, and even pubic hair.
Although the condition is not painful,it can deeply affect the children and adults physically and emotionally. Alopecia Areata especially in children is very stressful and disturbing. Often, the patients isolate themselves and avoid socializing.
Alopecia Areata in Men
Alopecia Areata is more common in men than women. Generally, hair loss occurs on the scalp, face and chest in men.
Alopecia Areata in Women
Alopecia in women causes hair loss on the scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes.
As per the National Center for Biotechnology Information, family history or heredity is the main cause of this condition.
Alopecia Areata in Children
As per the American Hair Loss Association, 1 out of every 1000 children suffer from alopecia areata, in a single instance. Children with alopecia areata go through different stages of awareness and acceptance as they grow. A report from the National Alopecia Areata Foundation states that children below 5 years experience little or no emotional stress. While children above 5 years feel traumatized and anguished due to peer pressure. It also affects their self- confidence.
Alopecia Areata is more of a medical problem rather than a cosmetic issue and is treatable in the early stages. Medical attention at the right time is necessary to ensure that the condition does not progress to Alopecia Totalis or Alopecia Universalis.
Alopecia Areata causes hair to fall out in small patches over the scalp, forming a bald spot. The most common signs and symptoms of Alopecia Areata are:
- Noticeable hair loss on the pillow, hair brush and shower
- Increasing alopecia patches over the scalp.
- Hair loss occurs on the face, over the eyes and other parts of the body.
- Patches of baldness fill up as new ones appear.
- Patchy hair loss after an event of stress or shock.
Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disorder where the misguided immune system attacks the hair follicles causing hair loss. Genetics passed from one generation to another also leads to Alopecia Areata. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, 8.6% of adult alopecia patients have a family history of hair loss.In children, it is estimated from 10% to 51.6% as per the study.
Many factors and underlying health conditions cause alopecia areata such as:
- Hormonal changes
- Shock or Emotional/physical stress
- Atopic dermatitis (also known as eczema)
Homeopathic Treatment is one of the most effective solutions for patchy hair loss problems. The homeopathic medicines greatly support the re-growth of hair and effectively control the spread of bald spots.According to a study conducted by the National Center for Biotechnology, natural ingredients like ThujaOccidentalis and SabalSerrulata are very effective in alopecia areata treatment. The natural DHT [dihydrotestosterone]-inhibitors are well known for their hair growth properties.
Alopecia Areata Treatment Results
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