Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Symptoms
When a number of symptoms occur together, they characterise irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). These symptoms are listed below:
- Sharp, dull or cramping pain or discomfort in the abdomen
- Change in the frequency of stools
- Diarrhoea or constipation
- Relief from IBS discomfort or pain after a bowel movement
- Urgency to pass stools
- Feeling of incomplete evacuation
- Abdominal bloating or a feeling of fullness
- Associated symptoms could be acidity, lack of sleep, headaches, fatigue and sexual dysfunction
- Recurrent diarrhoea can lead to weight loss and mal-absorption.
- Predominant constipation IBS can increase the risk of piles and fissure.
- Persistent pain prevents day-to-day activities, work, concentration and productivity.
- IBS also has a psychological impact; some of the resulting complications are fear of social gatherings and parties, fear of travelling, fear of eating outside food, depression, stress and burden of the disease, and increased anxiety.