Bone Health - Causes
A number of factors can affect bone health:
- low calcium intake in the diet - a diet low in calcium reduces bone density, causes early bone loss and increases risk of fractures;
- mineral deficiency - can occur due to nutritional deficiency or an error in nutritional absorption;
- hormones - parathyroidism, which takes away calcium from the bones;
- vitamin D deficiency - people who are indoors with no exposure to the sun;
- thyroid dysfunction - leading to nutritional deficiency and bone loss;
- low sex hormones - in case of women, at menopause or any disease which causes low estrogen, whereas in men, disease causing low testosterone;
- diseases - gastro-intestinal disease such as ChronÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s, irritable bowel syndrome and anorexia or any form of eating disorder can affect the bodyÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s ability to absorb calcium and vitamin D, thus leading to osteoporosis; and
- certain medications - long-term use of steroid medications, certain medications used in cancer, anti-depressants, methotrexate, some anti-epileptics and antacids. All of these are known to cause brittle bones.
- age - it is known that after 30, bone density starts to reduce;
- women are more prone to suffer than men;
- over-weight and obesity;
- tobacco or smoking may cause depletion of nutrition;
- alcohol, leading to bone thinning; and
- lack of exercise.